How to Recover Corrupted Files in Windows 10

How to Recover Corrupted Files in Windows 10

Sometimes it can happen that when we click on a folder or file, it does not open and shows the message that it is damaged. This message may be that √Ę ????the file or directory is corrupt or damagedfor???? or something similar. This situation can be stressful, especially if it’s a file you need right now. In this post I will try to help you recover damaged files so you can open them in Windows 10.

If it is an external hard drive or a USB drive, the error could be: √Ę ???? Z: is not accessible√Ę ???? (Z would be the respective drive letter), followed by the file name. Then the system will show another pop-up window suggesting you to format the drive: √Ę ???? You need to format the disk on drive Z: before you can use it√Ę ????. Obviously, you don’t want to format the drive and lose all your files and folders.

Next, let’s look at some ways to repair corrupted files and folders in Windows 10. But first, let’s see the possible reasons why the file or folder may have become corrupted.

What causes files to be corrupted?

It is good to understand the main causes of file corruption and can help us to fix it more easily.

  • The MFT or FAT partition that contains the file or folder is corrupted
  • Virus or malware problem
  • The USB flash drive or external disk is physically damaged
  • Removing the external drive without safely removing it.
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The solutions should work for both indoor and outdoor drives.

#1. Check the drive for viruses and other threats

You can run your favorite antivirus or use Windows Defender that comes pre-installed on all Windows 10 computers.

install and run malwarebytes to analyze and protect your computer. Malware is not the same as viruses. You need both on your computer to protect your files and folders from being corrupted.

Finally, you must download and run the Microsoft Safety Scanner application. Always download the latest version before running. Portable app is not updated automatically.

#two. Check for system errors

Open File Explorer (Windows + E) and right-click on the damaged drive to select the option Properties (edit).

in the tab Tools, click Discover inside the section error checking.

Recover Corrupted Files in Windows 10

The system will now check and fix common drive-related issues in the background.

#3. Run Windows Memory Diagnostic to Recover Corrupted Files

Microsoft recommends running the Windows Memory Diagnostics Tool to ensure that you are not dealing with a memory leak or similar issue.

look for the Control panel in Windows search and open it. now go to Security system > Administrative tools. In the new window, double-click the tool Windows memory diagnostics.

Recover Corrupted Files in Windows 10

Click on the √Ę ????Restart now and check for issues (recommended)for???? in the pop-up window. The computer will automatically restart, so be sure to save your work first.

#4. Run check disk command to recover corrupted files

One of the most common solutions for corrupted file and folder error is the Disk check command.

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It starts by saving any pending work and closing all other open programs.

Find it Command prompt in Windows search and select Execute as administrator in the right panel.

Open command prompt as administrator

Now type the check disk command as shown below. Replaces the letter √Ę ???? And the ???? with the damaged drive letter.

chkdsk / f E:

Repair damaged files

This works for both indoor and outdoor drives. The process will take some time and when it is complete, check if you can access the corrupted file or folder.

Is the message ¬ęThe file or directory is corrupt or unreadable¬Ľ still displayed?

If you see a message indicating that the volume is being used by another process, type s and press Log in inside the Command Prompt. This will confirm all scheduled scans to restart your computer. Then the scan will start while the PC is in the boot process.

#5. Format and recover damaged files

This solution is appropriate if you are accessing an external hard drive or flash drive and you get the error ¬ęThe file or directory is corrupt or unreadable¬Ľ. with the option to format it. We are sure that formatting the drive will delete all the data it contains.

The first thing you should do is a backup data on a different drive.

Then you should try to recover the data. For this, there are several data recovery applications available in the market. Recuva and EaseUS are two of the most popular.

Format corrupted drive

Check if this works for you and you can open the file or folder. Try to do your best to recover the files before formatting the drive.

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If that’s not possible, go ahead and format the drive. Either way, you already have a backup of your files somewhere else.

You will also find the option to format when you right click on the drive letter.

#6. How to prevent data loss

No matter where your data is located, internal or external drive, there is always the possibility of loss due to various reasons.

One of the best ways to protect your data is to make automatic backups locally or to cloud storage. For that you can use OneDrive, Google Drive or Dropbox.

You can also use an external drive for backup. But even that will be subject to errors and physical damage. Either way, any backup option is always better than none.

Recover Corrupted Files in Windows 10

The best way to keep your information and files safe is to make a backup copy in the cloud. That way, these kinds of issues won’t affect you irreversibly as you can restore the files easily.

You can always try using file recovery software like EaseUS or Recuva to recover your lost data. However, recovery depends on several factors. For example, it becomes difficult if data is overwritten, files are corrupted beyond repair, and so on.

If you are facing the loss of your files and this guide didn’t work for you then it is best that you learn from this error. Experience will help you not to have the same situation again in the future.

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